No one is prepared for stroke and the effect could seriously affect the quality of life and life style of the patients. Stroke todays happens not only to old people, in certain cases it happens to young people in their twenties and thirties. The general guideline for stroke recovery shows 10 percent of stroke survivors recover almost completely, while 25 percent patients suffers minor impairments.
The rest patient have worse effects of stroke which is 40 percent experience moderate to severe impairments requiring special care, 10 percent patients need support in a nursing home or other long-term care facility. The last 15 percent of the patients experience fatality immediately after the stroke. The rehabilitation for stroke is designed based on the severity of the stroke. Stroke patients could refer to a rehabilitation unit in the hospital, or in other worse cases they refer to the sub acute care unit. The facility for stroke rehabilitation also provides by a specific rehabilitation hospital. Other rehabilitations take place in home therapy or home with outpatient therapy. For a serious impact of stroke, the patient will need a long-term care facility that provides therapy and skilled nursing care. Any type of rehabilitation has the goal to improve function so that the stroke survivor can gain the most possible independence in daily activities. The patients will have treatments that focus on their dignity. The survivor is encouraged to relearn basic skills that the stroke may have disabled the skills like eating, walking, toilet activities and other normal activities. The most important principle in stroke rehabilitation is the timing. The sooner the patient gets help, the lesser the damage will be. In this point of view, it is crucial to recognize the symptoms of stroke. The recommended test to recognize stroke is called as FAST. F stands for FACE, ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop? A stands for ARMS, ask the person to raise both arms.
Does one arm drift downward? S stands for SPEECH, ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Does the speech sound slurred or strange? T is the abbreviation for TIME. It means that if you observe any of these signs, its time to call for help or get to the nearest stroke center or hospital. The sign of stroke should be observed especially to persons who have stroke risk factors. There are two type of risk factors. The first is the medical risk factor such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, heart disease, atrial fibrillation and carotid artery disease. These risk factors are mostly detected by laboratory test or physician examination. The risk factors could also source from life style such as smoking, obesity and drinking alcohol a lot. Stroke is a no 3 leading cause of death in USA, it is also the leading cause of disability. The rehabilitation of stroke works on the negative effects of stroke such as lost of ability in performing daily activity. Based on the severity of the cases, stroke rehabilitation takes place in general hospital, stroke hospital, home nursing care or intensive care unit for long term stroke rehabilitation. To increase the rate of recovery of stroke, the treatment should give as soon as possible after the FAST recognition guides performed. People with medical risk factor or life style should carefully being observed for the first signs of stroke in FAST.