In most of the cases the functional ovarian cysts prove to be harmless, do not cause pain or other symptoms, and disappear after some time even without a special treatment.In case treatment must be applied the doctors think of prescribing a treatment which will reduce the symptoms given by the cyst (pelvic pain) and which will stop the cyst from reoccurring by preventing the ovulation with the help of birth control pills.Most of the doctors will want to observe the functional ovarian cyst over one or two months as there is a possibility for them to disappear without special treatment. In case the cyst does not go away and it is still developing then the doctor will prescribe the needed treatment for resolving the problem. Also, other tests might be necessary to see if there is something else besides the cyst. At home, besides the prescribed treatment the patient can follow a treatment with heat in order to relieve its symptoms. The cyst which does not disappear after two months and at the ultrasound has unusual appearance and gives bothering symptoms must be treated as soon as possible with medication or surgery. At first the doctor will recommend birth control pills for several months. In case they are not effective he might try a treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists which will prevent the ovary from producing eggs. In this way the production of ovary and progesterone will decrease too like in menopausal woman. This treatment can be followed only for a few months as it can give significant side effects.In case these two treatment measures are not working and the cyst is still there causing pain to the patient, the surgery will be the last option of the doctor. The surgery can be made laparoscopic, with the help of the laparoscope. The best thing about laparoscopic surgery is that it leaves only tiny marks on the skin and the patient recovers very fast from the surgery. The patient can leave the hospital during the same day and will be able to go to work after two weeks of rest.In case the sonogram shows a cancerous cyst then the classical surgery will be performed. This procedure is known as laparotomy.After menopause the cysts increase the risk of cancer in a patient. This is why surgery is needed and in many case the doctors remove the ovary too to make sure cancer will not develop. If the ultrasound show that the cyst is not cancerous than the transvaginal ultrasound can be used to monitor the cyst over time.
Frequently Asked Questions
i don't know what to do now!?
I just found out i have a large cyst on my left ovary
I'm very scared and terrified =(
What is it? How do you get it? What am i going to be going through?
Is it normal for it to stop your period (havn't had one since the end of April)
Any information will help me out!!!
Thank you so much!
Is it also normal for it to make me tired, light headed, spotting couple weeks ago, little light brown discharge couple weeks ago, dizzy, nipples hurt, or nausea?
An Ovarian Cyst is any collection of fluid, surrounded by a very thin wall, within an ovary. Any ovarian follicle that is larger than about two centimeters is termed an ovarian cyst. An ovarian cyst can be as small as a pea, or as large as a cantaloupe.
Most ovarian cysts are functional in nature, and harmless (benign). In the US ovarian cysts are found in nearly all premenopausal women, and in up to 14.8% of postmenopausal women. The incidence of ovarian carcinoma is approximately 15 cases per 100,000 women per year.
Ovarian cysts affect women of all ages. They occur most often, however, during a woman's childbearing years.
Some ovarian cysts cause problems, such as bleeding and pain. Surgery may be required to remove those cysts.
Many women experience no symptoms when they have an ovarian cyst, especially if it is small. Certain cysts may grow large and cause the abdomen to swell. Depending on where the cyst is and its size, it can exert pressure on the bladder or bowel, cause abdominal discomfort, uncomfortable or painful sex and irregular periods. Sometimes complication such as intense pain, vomiting and heart palpitation can take place if the stem attached to the cyst is twisted causing a condition called torsion or if the cyst is ruptured.
Ovarian cyst treatment often involved the use of prescription drugs that can affect the hormonal levels of the body. Contraceptive pills, anti-androgen drugs, fertility drugs, luteinising hormone-suppressing drugs, antibiotics or a combination of these drugs are normally used to treat these ovarian cysts. Surgery is the next available option but this form of treatment should be considered only as a last resort. If hysterectomy is recommended, please seek a second or third opinion before taking that option.
Herbal remedies have proven to be effective in the treatment of ovarian cysts. It usually takes between two to six months for the treatment to be completely effective depending upon the size and number of ovarian cysts present. Herbs such as echinacea and milk thistle are known to effectively treat and control these ovarian cysts. Diet is also very important, as some foods can aggravate the condition, and some foods are very beneficial in controlling the recurrence of the ovarian cysts. Foods that help ease the discomfort and recurrence include plenty of raw fruits and vegetables (especially the dark green leafy vegetables), garlic, legumes, whole grains and other whole foods. Avoid caffeine, alcohol, red meats, eggs, white sugar, carbonated beverages and processed or refined foods.
Supplements have also been found to be effective in the treatment and control of ovarian cysts. A good quality multivitamins and minerals will enhance the dietary changes your are making, working to balance the hormones, improve immunity, enhance liver function and protect against abnormal cell growth. A high daily dose of Vitamin C, zinc, B vitamins and a good antioxidant are known to be helpful in the treatment and control of the cysts.
Life is too short to suffer needlessly with ovarian cysts. If you are finished for good with all the pain and discomfort of ovarian cysts and you want to avoid surgery, then this is the honest and effective Ovarian Cyst Treatment that you have been searching for!
for further queries pls go to this link:http://www.bio-medicine.org/Medicine-Dictionary/ovarian_cysts/
what are some medical disqualifiers?
Where can you find what medical conditions disqualifies you for the army?
Abdominal organs and gastrointestinal system
The causes for rejection for appointment, enlistment, and induction are an authenticated history of:
a. Esophagus. Ulceration, varices, fistula, achalasia, or other dismotility disorders; chronic or recurrent esophagitis if confirmed by appropriate x-ray
b. Stomach and duodenum.
(1) Gastritis. Chronic hypertrophic, or severe.
(2) Active ulcer of the stomach or duodenum confirmed by x-ray or endoscopy.
(3) Congenital abnormalities of the stomach or duodenum causing symptoms or requiring surgical treatment, except a history of surgical correction of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis of infancy.
c. Small and large intestine.
(1) Inflammatory bowel disease. Regional enteritis, ulcerative colitis, ulcerative proctitis.
(2) Duodenal diverticula with symptoms or sequelae (hemorrhage, perforation, etc.).
(3) Intestinal malabsorption syndromes, including postsurgical and idiopathic.
(4) Congenital. Condition, to include Meckel's diverticulum or functional abnormalities, persisting or symptomatic within the past 2 years.
d. Gastrointestinal bleeding. History of, unless the cause has been corrected, and is not otherwise disqualifying.
e. Hepato-pancreatic-biliary tract.
(1) Viral hepatitis, or unspecified hepatitis, within the preceding 6 months or persistence of symptoms after 6 months, or objective evidence of impairment of liver function, chronic hepatitis, and hepatitis B carriers. (Individuals who are known to have tested positive for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection require confirmatory testing. If positive, individuals should be clinically evaluated for objective evidence of liver function impairment. If evaluation reveals no signs or symptoms of disease, the applicant meets the standards.)
(2) Cirrhosis, hepatic cysts and abscess, and sequelae of chronic liver disease.
(3) Cholecystitis, acute or chronic, with or without cholelithiasis, and other disorders of the gallbladder including post-cholecystectomy syndrome, and biliary system.
Note. Cholecystectomy is not disqualifying 60 days postsurgery (or 30 days post-laproscopic surgery), providing there are no disqualifying residuals from treatment.
(4) Pancreatitis. Acute and chronic.
(1) Anal fissure if persistent, or anal fistula.
(2) Anal or rectal polyp, prolapse, stricture, or incontinence.
(3) Hemorrhoids, internal or external, when large, symptomatic, or history of bleeding.
(1) Splenomegaly, if persistent.
(2) Splenectomy, except when accomplished for trauma, or conditions unrelated to the spleen, or for hereditary spherocytosis.
h. Abdominal wall.
(1) Hernia, including inguinal, and other abdominal, except for small, asymptomatic umbilical or asymptomatic hiatal.
(2) History of abdominal surgery within the preceding 60 days, except that individuals post-laparoscopic cholecystectomy may be qualified after 30 days.
(1) Gastrointestinal bypass or stomach stapling for control of obesity.
(2) Persons with artificial openings.
Blood and blood-forming tissue diseases
The causes for rejection for appointment, enlistment, and induction are an authenticated history of:
a. Anemia. Any hereditary acquired, aplastic, or unspecified anemia that has not permanently corrected with therapy.
b. Hemorrhagic disorders. Any congenital or acquired tendency to bleed due to a platelet or coagulation disorder.
c. Leukopenia. Chronic or recurrent, based upon available norms for ethnic background.
The causes for rejection are for appointment, enlistment, and induction are:
a. Diseases of the jaw or associated tissues which are not easily remediable, and will incapacitate the individual or otherwise prevent the satisfactory performance of duty. This includes temporomandibular disorders and/or myofascial pain dysfunction that is not easily corrected or has the potential for significant future problems with pain and function.
b. Severe malocclusion that interferes with normal mastication or requires early and protracted treatment; or relationship between mandible and maxilla that prevents satisfactory future prosthodontic replacement.
c. Insufficient natural healthy teeth or lack of a serviceable prosthesis, preventing adequate mastication and incision of a normal diet. This includes complex (multiple fixture) dental implant systems that have associated complications that severely limit assignments and adversely affect performance of world-wide duty. Dental implants systems must be successfully osseointegrated and completed.
d. Orthodontic appliances for continued treatment (attached or removable). Retainer appliances are permissible, provided all active orthodontic treatment has been satisfactorily completed.
The causes for rejection for appointment, enlistment, and induction are: