Lung cancer is the malignant transformation and expansion of lung tissue, and is the most lethal of all cancers worldwide, responsible for 1.2 million deaths annually. It is a leading cause of cancer death in men and women in the United States. Cigarette smoking causes most lung cancers. The more cigarettes you smoke per day and the earlier you started smoking, the greater your risk of lung cancer. High levels of pollution, radiation and asbestos exposure may also increase risk. There are many types of lung cancer. Each type of lung cancer grows and spreads in different ways and is treated differently. Treatment also depends on the stage, or how advanced it is. Treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation and surgery. Lung cancer that originates in the cells of the lungs is called primary lung cancer; however, cancer may also spread to the lung from other parts of the body. Metastatic cancers spread to the lungs most commonly from the breast, colon, prostate, kidney, thyroid gland, stomach, cervix, rectum, testis, bone, and skin (melanoma). More than 90% of primary lung cancers start in the bronchi such lung cancer is called bronchogenic carcinoma. The specific types of lung cancer are small cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma. The last three types of lung cancer are often referred to as nonsmall cell lung cancers. Alveolar cell carcinoma originates in the small air sacs of the lung (alveoli). Although alveolar cell carcinoma can occur at a single site, it often develops simultaneously in more than one area of the lung. Less common lung tumors are bronchial carcinoid (which may be cancerous or noncancerous), chondromatous hamartoma and sarcoma. Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system; it may start in the lungs or spread to them.
Lung cancer is the rapid growth of abnormal cells in the lung. It can start anywhere in the lungs and affect any part of the respiratory system . When we breathe in, the lungs take in oxygen, which our cells need to live and carry out their normal functions. When we breathe out, the lungs get rid of carbon dioxide, which is a waste product of the body's cells. Cancers that begin in the lungs are divided into two major types, non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer, depending on how the cells look under a microscope.
Causes of Lung Cancer
1. Breast cancer
2. Colon cancer
3. Rectal cancer
4. Stomach cancer
Symptoms of Lung Cancer
1. Shortness of breath, wheezing, or hoarseness.
2. Difficulty swallowing.
4. Loss of appetite or weight loss.
5. Constant chest pain.
Treatment of Lung Cancer
2. Radiation therapy
Frequently Asked Questions
I have a Sinus Cyst. ?
I just found out from an MRI scan that I have a Cyst in my sinus. I have been reading on the internet and I have none of the symptoms that people will usually have. I am a Male, 16 years of age. I have googled and read about it for a while but have not come across anything like my case. I categorized this as 'Cancer' because I didn't find another option for cysts or something related. Advice to another category would be very helpful!
Why did I have an MRI?
The reason I did an MRI scan was because I have migraine (since I was 6 and moved to China from Sweden) and because I have always had trouble sleeping during the night. Along with this I did an EEG and an Ultrasound. I have not yet gotten back the EEG results, but other than the Cyst I have no abnormalities.
I suffer from moderate migraine and I have been since I was 6. I did an EEG when I was 6 and found nothing abnormal. I have around 2 migraines a month. Typically, I get a migraine from changing habits and when a lot of things are going on in my life. An abnormality that I have noticed is that I get migraine when I sleep to much, but never when I sleep too little. I regularly sleep 3-7 hours a day and have no troubles staying awake or functioning after I wake up. When I sleep for more than 9-10 hours I always feel more tired and sometimes get migraines from it. My migraine usually lasts 3-5 hours, but the recent two times I have been having migraines that last for 20-25 hours. During these long migraines I do not have searing pain, but I'm not functional and get very nauseous when I change positions (trying to sit or stand up)(this never caused me to black out). I don't typically vomit anymore during migraines, but I think that is only because I have learned how to hold it in... I have had two migraines where I started to hallucinate the most recent one was last wednesday. My hallucinations only occur when I close my eyes, what I see is always repetitive and related to what I have done in the past week (For example, the first hallucination I had was of me playing a mission in a game on the hardest difficulty and I was the hero, each time I died it started again and again at the same time I was in terrible pain. It was horrible).
My sleeping schedule is very abnormal. I sleep 3-7 hours a day, only falling asleep hours after I intend. While trying to fall asleep, I think and I become rather uncomfortable after about 30 minutes I try listening to music or watching something on TV before trying to sleep again. I want to sleep but my thoughts keep me awake. My most common thoughts are always along astronomical terms where I ask myself questions that no one has an answer to and things that most people my age are too ignorant to understand and I envy that. I always wonder what I'm set out to do, why I am me and not anyone else, I think ahead and I basically have the next 16 years of my life planned. Although I don't think that is very related to my Cysts. Something that might be related though is that I get very tired in the afternoon when I come home from school, but lighten up in the evening, I have tested to see if it has to do with my dinner but it doesn't. I don't know what it is, could be a symptom from the Cysts, but I don't know for sure.
Physically, I am 70kg, 174cm. I am athletic and play rugby more than anything. I have a strong body, as far as I know everything is completely normal or better than normal. Mentally, I consider myself to be smart, I like to help my classmates with classwork and love to learn and investigate new things. I am a natural leader and many friends consider me a 'science guy' because of my interest and knowledge in biology, phycology and astrology. I am very analytical and don't like to get emotionally involved with people. But these things are likely off-topic or irrelevant.
I don't know exactly what I'm looking for, any reflection or suggestion is more than welcome and much appreciated. I'm very concerned that I'm not showing ANY symptoms. Much of what I said is probably irrelevant but its better than if I miss something.
Please help, thank you!
" categorized this as 'Cancer' because I didn't find another option for cysts or something related. Advice to another category would be very helpful!?"
What a horrible conclusion. "You have no cancer at all". Just because, you could not know what is a cyst, You should not jump to hasty conclusions by treating it as cancer. You are quite perfect with a good heart & a very broad mindset to help others unconditionally. Such brave hearts live longer with perfect health. You can have total cure from all your symptoms with religious compliance of all the stipulated instructions mentioned here under. God bless you.
1.Cyst* Cyst. A cyst is a sac that may be filled with air, fluid or other material. A cyst can form in any part of the body, including bones, organs and soft tissues. Most cysts are non-cancerous (benign). Some common examples of cysts include sebaceous cysts, sinus cysts, small bumps that form just beneath the skin, and ovarian cysts. It's important to note, however, that nearly all cancers are capable of producing cysts. (A sac containing liquid secretion or pus).
2. Migraine*& Headache*:
Even after spending billions of dollars in research and development; the unknown parts in the brain and spinal cord are far more than the known'--our allopathy friends say so. Reasons--hormonal imbalance, blocked energy + accumulated toxins/phlegm/water in brain, throat, ears, nose, sinuses, larynx, pharynx, cold/cough, infected tonsils, viral infections, fevers,chronic-anemia, allergies, asthma, bronchitis,etc., etc. Hence,It is a big headache to know the reasons for headaches.
In terms of acupressure concept, 'HEADACHE' is an offshoot of blocked energy in the brain and spinal cord.
1. Remote control acupressure points are located in Ur thumbs and big toes on both sides. Massage these areas hard by Ur thumb[s] for 2 minutes to release blocked energy from Ur Head.
2. Even hormonal imbalance can be the main culprit for headaches. Remedy lies in the following steps.
3. Tensions, anxiety neurosis, negative thinking. Just stand well only on Ur fore-fingers for 2 minutes.
4. Take 6 to 8 litres of plain water daily.
5. An overactive pancreas can as well be the root cause. Then keep some chocolates with U and chew it as and when U start getting headache.
6. Headache Mixture of CF 3x, CP 3x, or 12x, FP 12x, KM 3x, KP 3x, KS 3x, .
MP 3x NM 3x, NP 3x, NS 3x and S 12x, failing which mixture of CF 3x, CS 3x and KS 3x; failing which give 1 pill of NM 200 at about 7 p.m. once a fortnight. Glon 6, Bell or Nux Vom 6, are often useful. For chronic headache give mixture of CP 200, CS 200 and NM 200 in the evening onge a week for 2 or 3 weeks.
7. Headache Migraine-If one sided. Pain in half portion of head or face.
Mixture of NM 3x and S 12x.
8. Cure: 1. Cyst----------- Mixture of CF 3.x, CP 3x or 12x, CS 3x, NM 3x and S 12x.
Dosage*: 2 grains t.d.s.
All these biochemic salts/homeo medicines available @ local Homoeo shops, are safe and with side benefits. Don t swallow medicine. The medicine to be dissolved on/under the tongue. Don t take any thing 10 minutes before and 10 minutes after medication. You can take water.
10. OIL PULLING*:
Utility--- removes toxins from the body, more so from the mouth, gums, teeth, stomach, cervix, uterus, lungs, heart, liver, intestines, ears, brain, etc., etc.
. However, U may use sun flower oil, ground nut oil or til oil, rice bran oil, mustard oil, etc.,
Procedure: Every morning, in an empty stomach, take 2 tsp of cooking oil.
[saturated fatty acids and oils should not be used, like, Palm oil, Dalda/Vanaspati, coconut oil or ghee] and put it in Ur mouth and rinse it for 10 minutes; until it becomes white liquid. Spit it out and then rinse with Luke warm water and then brush Ur teeth.
Elevated LFTS with an unknown cause? Help!?
My friend Beka has been sick for many many months. She has been going for testing and the Doctors cannot find a reason as yet to what is causing her issues. We are concerned that there is a hidden disease that is being masked by smaller aliments that are a symptom rather than the cause itself. If anyone has experienced the following issues or know of anything to test for please let us know. We've tried www.webmd.com and other such sites but we can't point to the origin yet so we don't know what to search under. Here's a time-line.
Oct. 2010 (7 months ago)
-Developed Singles, given antibiotics (acyclovir and ciproflaxen) which cause C-Diff. Have had intermittent rectal bleeding since.
Feb 2011 (3 months ago)
-developed Pneumonia, was given the antibiotic Z-Pak.
All during this time line she had experienced abdominal cramps (bad cramps), frequent vomiting, night sweats, general weakness, anemia, dizziness. She has also experiences around 3 times, both hands suddenly turning smurf blue for several minutes and then returning to normal.
She was referred to a gastroenterologist in feb, and the doctor has ordered multiple tests and here are the results
Blood test and EGD, stool:
Results were severely elevated ALTS and LFTS, and the EGD found erosion of the esophagus, a hiatal hernia [moderate]. And stomach was very inflamed- Doctor took a biopsy of the stomach. Confirmed H.Pylori.
Was Prescribed amoxicillin and vancymyocene(?). Initial blood test did not show the infection from H. Pylori and neither did a stool test.
Start of March
ALTS and LFTS were still elevated
Colonoscopy showed internal hemorrhoids (small).
Hemorrhoids are now moderate (increased in less than 2 weeks), Hiatal Hernia increased in size as well to just under sever.
gallbladder was functioning at a slow but normal rate (40% were 35% is considered normal)
Between the Colonoscopy and the Sigmoidoscopy (2 week time frame) she lost 8 pounds, and when the hemorrhoids and hernia increased in size as well.
Beka is Rh(neg) and has had 3 children. She has also has bacterial Pneumonia that has left her lungs with scarring but has not affected her life style, weighs 125 currently, is 33 yo, and does not smoke or drink. deadly allergic to bees. She was diagnosed with ovarian cysts in early 2010 when one ruptured while she was at work and had to be taken to the hospital. Her urine is really dark (almost orange) all the time.
father died of leukemia before she was born.
Grandfather on maternal side- died of prostate cancer.
Paternal Grandfather died of throat cancer.
Maternal Uncle currently has colon cancer
Beka's sister in law is an OBGYN, her Doctors, and all of us think there is some underlying disease or issue that caused the Shingles to appear. She is scheduled for an upcoming Liver Biopsy and MRCP.
Right now her Doctors are at a loss and the bloods tests are not pointing to anything. They are concerned about moving to fast with her, but me and her sister in law think they need to get more aggressive. They have ruled out hepatitis.
If anyone has known anyone with similar experiences or know of other diagnostic testing that might pinpoint an issue please reply! The Doctors just aren't finding anything and I'm afraid where we're in a small rural community that they might be missing something that is not common here or isn't seen as much due to small populations! We've checked the Liver, gallbladder, colon, small bowel, stomach, esophagus and haven't found anything!
I am also concerned about the validity of the results of these tests since the H.Pylori was only found due to the stomach biopsy, if some infection or something could be hidden and the blood, stool tests just missing them completely.
Not to borrow trouble but if it is something serious we want to find out now and fight it before it becomes life threatening. Any help is greatly appreciated. If anyone needs more info please just ask.
thank you for the response what do you mean it is not standard i was given 2 different antiobiotics to take for 10 days and have to go have a breath test done to confirm if the h plori is gone and i believe the other prescribtion was clarithmicin... i still have the nausea and the abdominal cramps, my liver is still highly elevated .. again i am not a doctor but i do not seem to be finding the answers .... and what is crohns ? by the way this is beka speaking
Have you considered Li-Fraumeni Syndrome? Read my explanation and you'll see why I though about this...
When I saw the family history, Li-Faumeni is the first thing that came to my mind. Li-Fraumeni is an autosomal dominant cancer syndrome (1 person in every generation has it) that involves a mutation in the tumor suppressor gene p53. p53 is known as a "guardian of the genome" because it's the major inducer of cell cycle (growth) arrest and apoptosis. This is the gene that prevents the inappropriate growth of cells ALL over the body.
When a person with Li-Fraumeni is born, every single cell in there body has two sets of p53 genes per cell. One of those genes is mutated (non-functional), and the other is normal. This is fine because our cells only need 1 functioning p53 gene for it to suppress the over growth of cells. Many cells in our body undergo DNA mutations all the time and if it's a threatening mutation, p53 is responsible for triggering cell death. However what if that mutation occured TO the p53 gene in a person who already has one of those genes mutated... then you have nothing telling the cell to stop growing... So then you get the growth of a tumor since p53 isnt there to inhibit it and other mutations will usually occur causing abnormal morphology of the cell, etc.
My thoughts and prayers are with you all.